Space monitoring of the territory — monitoring of changes on the Earth by remote methods (change detection) is a system of regular observations from space, by air and ground means of remote sensing, monitoring of the state of the territory and objects, analysis of processes occurring on the Earth's surface and timely detection of changes using remote sensing of the Earth.
Space monitoring is the regular receipt of information about the state of the Earth's surface from spacecraft.
In the practice of remote sensing, there is a division of the Land monitoring process: land use analysis (Land User) and industrial and economic infrastructure (Land Cover) (objects) (LULC - Land User and Land Cover).
What is needed for
Satellite images and space monitoring are increasingly being used in a variety of industries, including state, regional, and municipal planning and management. Space monitoring makes it possible to obtain data on vast territories and in hard-to-reach places, which is practically unattainable with any terrestrial surveys.
Space monitoring allows us to quickly identify environmental changes, assess the dynamics and quality of changes, and study the interaction of man-made systems.
To ensure sustainable development (ESG), it is necessary to monitor the current process of land use and changes in the industrial and economic infrastructure over a certain period. To achieve sustainable urban development and prevent haphazard urban development, the bodies associated with urban development must create such planning models so that every piece of available land can be used most rationally and optimally.
LULC maps play a primary role in planning, management, and monitoring programs at the local, regional and national levels. This type of information, on the one hand, provides a better understanding of land use aspects, and on the other hand, plays an important role in shaping the policies and programs necessary for development planning.